William G Morgan is the original founder of the sport he named Mintonette which later was renamed to volley ball, two words and eventually became volleyball, one word. William was a Physical Education teacher at the YMCA and was looking for a sport that was not as rough as the growing and popular basketball, while still offered many of the same physical rigors for older participants.
As a result he combined tennis, handball, basketball and baseball into this new sport in the winter of 1895-1896 in Holyoke, Massachusetts to compete with Basketball which was invented less than 10 miles away.
Today volleyball is the most participated sport in the world that also offers the largest federation of participating members to any sport. In addition to Williams original vision of the sport being played indoor, the sport is also extremely popular on the beach. At the 2008 Olympics Beach Volleyball was the highest rated / viewed sport of the Olympics and this year 2012 in London Beach, Olympic Beach Volleyball will take place in front of Buckingham Palace.